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Paresia isolada do nervo abducente associada ao COVID-19: 8 meses de seguimento

Isolated abducens nerve palsy associated with coronavirus disease: an 8-month follow-up

Analine Lins de Medeiros1; Thayze Martins1,2; Marisa Kattah1,2; Ana Karine A. Soares3; Liana O. Ventura1,2; Camila V. Ventura1,2; Eveline Barros1,2

DOI: 10.5935/0004-2749.20220063

RESUMO

Reportamos o caso de homem previamente hígido, 48 anos, com paralisia isolada do nervo abducente 18 dias após infecção pelo novo coronavírus (COVID-19) confirmada por reação cadeia polimerase de transcriptase reversa. A principal queixa do paciente na admissão era diplopia. O exame ocular revelou paralisia do sexto nervo craniano do olho esquerdo. Esotropia incomitante no exame inicial media 30 dioptrias prismáticas. Abdução estava limitada com adução completa no olho esquerdo. O paciente foi submetido a investigação clínica e neurológica com exame de neuroimagem, incluindo análise de amostra do líquido cefalorraquidiano para descartar causas infecciosas. Optou-se por abordagem conservadora com terapia ortóptica e prisma de Fresnel. Oito meses após a infecção pelo COVID-19, o paciente evoluiu com regressão do estrabismo e informou recuperação completa do quadro. Este relato sugere que paralisia isolada do nervo abducente causada por SARS-CoV-2 pode melhorar com abordagem conservadora.

Descritores: Infecções por coronavirus; Doenças do nervo abducente; Estrabismo; Vírus da SARS; Transtornos da motilidade ocular; Humanos; Relatos de casos

ABSTRACT

We report the case of a previously healthy 48-year-old man who developed an isolated abducens nerve palsy 18 days after presenting with coronavirus disease (COVID-19) confirmed by reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction. His main complaint at arrival was double vision. Ocular examination revealed a sixth cranial nerve palsy in the left eye. The incomitant esotropia at arrival was 30 prism diopters. Abduction was markedly limited, while adduction was normal in the left eye. The patient underwent complete clinical, neurological, and neuroimaging investigations, including cerebrospinal fluid sample analysis to rule out infectious causes. A conservative approach with orthoptic therapy and Fresnel prism was opted. Eight months after the onset of COVID-19, regression of the strabismus was observed, and the patient reported complete recovery of the diplopia. This case suggests that isolated abducens nerve palsy caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 infection may improve with a conservative approach.

Keywords: Coronavirus infections; Abducens nerve diseases; Strabismus; SARS virus; Ocular motility disorders; Humans; Case reports


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